Summary Ð The Philosophical Breakfast Club Ù PDF DOC TXT or eBook

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Summary Ð The Philosophical Breakfast Club Ù PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ¿ The Philosophical Breakfast Club recounts the life and work of four men who met as students at Cambridge University Charles Babbage John Herschel William Whewell and Richard Jones  Recognizing that they shared a love of science as welO a remarkable extent they succeeded even in ways they never intended  Historian of science and philosopher Laura J Snyder exposes the political passions religious impulses friendships rivalries and love of knowledge and power that drove these extraordinary men  Whewell who not only invented the word “scientist” but also founded the fields of crystallography mathematical economics and the science of tides Babbage a mathematical genius who invented the modern computer Herschel who mapped the skies of the Southern Hemisphere and contributed to the invention of photography and. Science philosophy literature politics and religion all play a part in the history of the development of the science professional A nice view of the culture and world during this time period

Laura J. Snyder ´ 4 review

Jones a curate who shaped the science of economics were at the vanguard of the modernization of science  This absorbing narrative of people science and ideas   chronicles the intellectual revolution inaugurated by these men one that continues to mold our understanding of the world around us and of our place within it  Drawing upon the voluminous correspondence between the four men over the fifty years of their work Laura J Snyder shows how friendship worked to spur the men on to greater accomplishments and how it enabled them to transform science and help create the modern world. Excellent book about the tremendous influence on science of four men who met as students at Cambridge University Charles Babbage John Herschel William Whewell and Richard Jones Just to mention a few of the stories that particularly struck meWhewell's work on tides which included what must have been the first global crowd sourced science project in which he got people around the world to take tidal measurements every 15 minutes for the same two week periodHerschel as one of the inventors of photography I never would have guessed that the word snapshot was from the very earliest days of photography I was also intrigued by the description of the camera lucida which I had never heard ofI was surprised to find that life on other planets was an accepted idea as it would have been wasteful of God to have created them and not populated themThat even in the 1820's there was a mistrust of mathematics because people couldn't understand it that harmed the support of scienceI'm glad I got around to reading this Highly recommended

Summary ð PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ´ Laura J. Snyder

The Philosophical Breakfast ClubThe Philosophical Breakfast Club recounts the life and work of four men who met as students at Cambridge University Charles Babbage John Herschel William Whewell and Richard Jones  Recognizing that they shared a love of science as well as good food and drink they began to meet on Sunday mornings to talk about the state of science in Britain and the world at large  Inspired by the great 17th century scientific reformer and political figure Francis Bacon another former student of Cambridge the Philosophical Breakfast Club plotted to bring about a new scientific revolution   And t. Four friends who met at Cambridge in the early 1800s and who went on to coining the term scientist run the world's first international data gathering project design the first computer and reboot economics It's a good story with a lot of colour and context but it's a LONG story it follows these four active chaps through their long lives and many projects I have to admit that my attention waned towards the end but perhaps that was a function of trying to rip through the last half in two nights of sleepy reading I enjoyed Age of Wonder by Richard Holmes This book is less easy a read than that but you'll recognize some characters Joseph Banks makes an appearance and one of the leading characters is John Herschel the son of Age of Wonder's William Herschel John is a much likeable chap he's the aristocrat of the group coming from scientific gentry and his friends repeatedly wheel him in as the big gun to bring to bear on the political problems they're having with their projectsOne of the big revelations for me is what a king sized ass Charles Babbage was Not just brusue but the wielder of the sort of bullheaded rudeness that pretty much guarantees you have no friends And sure enough even his schooltime friends kept him at a distance I'd known he was difficult to be with and had assumed it was because of the frustrations of building his machines Snyder paints the much human possibility that he loved his wife dearly and when she died he was unable to express his grief and became the bitter angry man we know him as I could dislike the Charles Babbage who was an unreasonable man but I sympathize with the heart broken husbandBabbage indeed was an unpleasant yet compelling character His behaviour whatever its origins reminded me of programmers I have known prickly convinced they are right even worse sometimes they are and whose attitude sabotages anything involving other people All the while they're staggeringly brilliant and even their side projects are geniusThis is as much a book about ideas as it is about people how is science to be conducted should the government fund it what should science organizations do how do we reconcile science and religion the value of precision The four men formed the Philosophical Breakfast Club to promote Baconian views of science as a structured inductive data driven practice They practiced science wrote books about it changed the professional landscape and between them had tremendous influenceIt's a good read but long and eyes may glaze unless one's passion for the history of science burns with a bright flame I enjoyed it and took a lot away as you're about to seeThings I liked or learned dodgy numbering bc I had to delete some to fit goodreads review limit size1 Coleridge rejected natural philosopher as a job title because it implied armchairs instead of apparatus Whewell suggested by analogy with artist we may form scientist C caused that word to exist2 navvie is a contraction of navigator the people who built the canals Only later did it come to mean railway workers3 Canals were lined with puddle a clay mixed with water that was pounded down tight by cattle or men tramping back and forth on it for weeks5 Forming a society or club was like starting a mailing list or a Google Code project6 Bacon was the father of observations and induction which is coming back to life with the new big data world of science Spider spins out of own substance deducing from what he already knows Ant piles up facts haphazardly but doesn't explain with theories Honey bee collects and digests the pollen making something new7 Babbage shining student chose to defend the assertion God is a material agent in an oral exam without warning his investigator of this He was sent down prevented from taking honours8 Babbage didn't tell his good friend Herschel about his wife for months because he thought the news would be uninteresting to him9 Herschel was so drunk when he visited Stonehenge that he wrote that he saw not a single stone May his Satanic Majesty fetch me uickly if I know whether it is made of stone or cheese10 Whewell wrote out a series of joke exam uestions one of which was to determine the least possible uantity of material out of which the modern dress of a fashionable female can be constructed11 Jacues de Vaucanson created in 1737 a mechanical duck that seemed to eat and shit12 Babbage's belief in the utility of his difference engine wasn't universal many thought the error riddled log tables were good enough Babbage Whewell Jones and Herschel believed that science reuired accuracy and precision I think of this as an early version of the better data beats data motto13 Malthus was young when he wrote his book Welfare was a hot topic then as now Malthus there's no point in helping them they'll just keep breeding until there's too many to help 14 Bacon believed science should bring about the relief of man's estate ie work in the public good15 Economics was and still is dammit full of theoretical derivations disconnected from experience Jones gathered economic data from around the world to disprove the conclusions and axioms of the leading economist Ricardo16 Just as a drop of water when viewed through a microscope is found to teem with life Jones believed that history when viewed correctly teems everywhere with facts which can be used in constructing economic theories18 A worker was reuired to sell all of his belongings including the furniture from his house and the tools of his trade in order to receive relief in the workhouse This made it impossible for a man to leave the workhouse and take up his trade again as he could not earn the money to buy back those tools while in the workhouse and thus reduced him to permanent servitude20 Whewell coined the term uniformitarianism and catastrophism for the two camps about whether things changed slowly or all at once on the Earth21 Darwin admitted to his friend Thomas Henry Huxley that I sometimes think that general and popular Treatises are almost as important for the progress of science as the original work22 Babbage took and urged others to take factory tours Those who enjoy leisure can scarcely find a interesting and instructive pursuit than the examination of the workshops of their country23 Babbage wrote on economics and manufacturing identifying globalisation and the growing importance of factories