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summary ë eBook or Kindle ePUB ☆ George Orwell

This unusual fictional memoir in good part autobiographical narrates without self pity and often with humor the adventures of a penniless British writer among the down and outs of two great citi. “It is a feeling of relief almost of pleasure at knowing yourself at last genuinely down and out You have talked so often of going to the dogs and well here are the dogs and you have reached them and you can stand it It takes off a lot of anxiety” In 1927 Eric Arthur Blair AKA George Orwell gives up his job as a policeman in Burma and moves back to his lodgings on Portobello Road in London with the intention of being a writer Like with many artists writers and those that wished to be one or the other the siren song of Paris beckoned Orwell In 1928 he moves to The City of Light ”It was lamplight that strange purplish gleam of the Paris lamps and beyond the river the Eiffel Tower flashed from top to bottom with zigzag skysigns like enormous snakes of fire”His lodgings are robbed by an Italian man a trollop he has brought back to his room for what can be presumed for a carnal dalliance but one must have a proper story for the parents especially when one is soliciting funds This is really the beginning of a rather abrupt slide into poverty Little did he know this change of circumstances was going to provide him with the material he needed to get published A gagger beggar or street performer of any kindI do hope that everyone has had an opportunity to experience some poverty When I was in college I had several moments where my gas tank was on E that amber dot nearly burned a hole in my retina and well food skipping a few meals builds character The one thing that I learned about my brief bouts of impecuniousness was that I didn’t like it The anxiety of potentially revealing the precarious nature of my affairs was much excruciating than the discomfort of hunger or even the tension inspired by the keenly tuned ear listening intently for the first cough of an engine starved for gas The mind does sharpen when deprived of nutrientsA moocher one who begs outright without pretense of doing a trade A slice of Orwell’s ParisOrwell does become truly down and out barely scraping together enough money to maintain lodging Everything pawnable or salable is already in the shops and now he must find a job He tramps for miles all over the city following rumors of employment He finally lands a position at a hotel restaurant washing dishes It isn’t particularly difficult work but the hours are unbelievably long Since he is on the lowest rung of the very tall totem pole he is roundly cursed by everyone ”Do you see that That is the type of plongeur they send us nowadays Where do you come from idiot From Charenton I suppose” There is a large lunatic asylum at Charenton“From England” I said“I might have known it Well mon cher monsieur L’Anglais may I inform you that you are the son of a whore”I got this kind of reception every time I went to the kitchen for I always made some mistake; I was expected to know the work and was cursed accordingly From curiosity I counted the number of times I was called mauereau during the day and it was thirty nineA glimmer one who watches vacant motor cars Down and Out in parisThere is a camaraderie that comes from working long hours from getting up with aching muscles and a wool stuffed head from too little sleep While in college I worked for a used bookstore that was the size of a grocery store We were always understaffed sometimes ridiculously understaffed We needed three cashiers and generally had two We needed three book buyers and generally had one It wasn’t infreuent for people to work double shifts not for the money but because we couldn’t stand to think of our comrades left facing impossible odds What was crazy is after we closed the store we would sit out in the parking lot or when we could afford it go get a drink and talk about books or about the craziness that happened during our shift until the wee hours of the morning We were as bonded as soldiers in the trench because we were survivors We didn’t bother to learn much about newbies until they had been there a month because chances were they would last a week or less We were working for 4 an hour A drop money given to a beggar The endless stream of dirty dishes is truly an Orwellian nightmareWhile working in this fine restaurant Orwell did reveal some things that made me ueasy ”When a steak for instance is brought up for the head cook’s inspection he does not handle it with a fork He picks it up in his fingers and slaps it down runs his thumb around the dish and licks it to taste the gravy runs it round and licks again the steps back and contemplates the piece of meal like an artist judging a picture then presses it lovingly into place with his fat pink fingers every one of which he has licked a hundred times that morning”But the place of course is kept spic and span right ”Everywhere in the service uarters dirt festered a secret vein of dirt running through the garish hotel like the intestines through a man’s body”You may reassure yourself that restaurants are much better regulated now than they were in Paris in the 1920s and they are but chat with a few people who work in the industry and it may not be as easy to reassure yourself A flattie a policemanI always marvel at people that make a complete ass out of themselves berating a waiter in a restaurant The distance that food must be carried from the cook to the table there is so much time for a waiter to enact some form of petty but very satisfying revenge on some disrespectful jerkTo knock off to steal ”Waiters in good hotels do not wear moustaches and to show their superiority they decree that plongeurs shall not wear them either; and the cooks wear the moustaches to show their contempt for the waiters” Thus Orwell had to shave his moustachesHenry Miller was in Paris about the same time as Orwell Miller wrote his books without worrying about what mommy and daddy might th

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Down and Out in Paris and LondonN while waiting for a job he experiences the world of tramps street people and free lodging houses In the tales of both cities we learn some sobering Orwellian truths about poverty and of societ. Orwell’s take on destitution was every bit as good as I expected it to be beautifully phrased meticulous honest funny but also moving and along with his own vivid experiences of living a hand to mouth existence he blends the testimonies of other refugees and homeless people in Paris and London This book might not have even come about had it not been for a thief who pinched the last of an ailing Orwell’s savings from his Paris boarding room in 1929 thus leading him to search for dishwashing work in the kitchens of the French capital Yes Paris was indeed a tough place to find shelter between the wars and even though Orwell eventually found a job at the anonymous Hotel X a place where dirty roast chickens were served and chefs spat in soup he remained without pay for ten days and so was forced to sleep on a bench until he had enough to cover rent Throughout the book when he did manage to find somewhere to stay some of the beds even had blocks of wood for pillows “The Paris slums are a gathering place for eccentric people – people who have fallen into solitary half mad grooves of life and given up trying to be normal or decent Poverty frees them from ordinary standards of behaviour just as money frees people from work” he wrote then although his sympathies were firmly with his fellow “beggars”The book both illuminates the huge change between 1933 and now and exposes horrifying similarities As Orwell reveals the cruelty of a lack of workers’ rights where livelihoods are lost overnight or jobs not secure from one day to the next day a modern audience cannot help but hear the words ‘zero hours contracts’ Job insecurity is still a major driver of homelessness nearly 90 years later When in London Orwell describes the police arresting rough sleepers or ‘moving them on’ he foreshadows recent events such as the cleansing of the streets of Windsor before the royal wedding and fines presented to beggars in Coventry As he describes “the stories in the Sunday papers about beggarswith two thousand pounds sewn into their trousers” we can hear the headlines from this very year in a national newspaper proclaiming “fake homeless are earning £150 a day” Orwell’s books however are than just treatises aiming to right the political wrongs Aside from his political intentions much of Orwell’s appeal has always rested in his brilliance as a writer his ability to distil vast ideas or injustices into the most perfect phrases his descriptive passages artfully conjuring the slum backstreets of 1930s Paris and his sense of the preciousness of humanity bringing clarity and colour to people's lives through all all the filth dirt and smelly bodies Orwell writes here and there with small moments of beauty that at first don't feel immediately apparent And when he writes of the people he meets in Down and Out are “just ordinary human beings” he is stating a simple and obvious fact – but one that even today is still too often forgottenOf the two cities I found the London half of the book the interesting as I don't know a great deal about the English capital whereas Paris through my own knowledge and that provided by countless other writers nothing surprised me Although it had it's funny moments the seriousness of poverty really makes you sit up and take notice This is just of an important read now as it was back then

George Orwell ☆ 3 download

review Down and Out in Paris and London Ð eBook or Kindle ePUB ↠ This unusual fictional memoir in good part autobiographical narrates without self pity and often with humor the adventures of a penniless British writer among the down and outs of two great cities The Parisian episode is fascinating for its expose of theEs The Parisian episode is fascinating for its expose of the kitchens of posh French restaurants where the narrator works at the bottom of the culinary echelon as dishwasher or plongeur In Londo. Down and Out in Paris and London George OrwellDown and Out in Paris and London is the first full length work by the British author George Orwell published in 1933 It is a memoir in two parts on the theme of poverty in the two cities The first part is an account of living in near destitution in Paris and the experience of casual labour in restaurant kitchens The second part is a travelogue of life on the road in and around London from the tramp's perspective with descriptions of the types of hostel accommodation available and some of the characters to be found living on the marginsعنوانها محرومان پاریس و لندن؛ آس و پاس ها؛ نویسنده جورج اورول؛ تاریخ نخستین خوانش روز بیست و یکم ماه جولای سال 2006 میلادیعنوان محرومان پاریس و لندن؛ نویسنده جورج اورول؛ مترجم اسماعیل کیوانی؛ تهران، تیسفون، 1362؛ در 318 ص؛ موضوع داستانهای نویسندگان انگلیسی سده 20 معنوان آس و پاس ها؛ نویسنده جورج اورول، مترجم اکبر تبریزی؛ تبریز، انتشارات بهجت؛ چاپ سوم 1385 در 269 ص، شابک ایکس 964667190؛ چاپ دیگر ترهان، بهجت، 1389؛ شابک 9789642763474؛ مترجم آوینا ترنم؛ تهران، هنر پارینه، 1394، در 286 ص؛ شابک 9786005205558؛آس و پاس‌ها در پاریس و لندن، روایت نویسنده ی بریتانیایی «جورج اورول»، از زندگی فقرا و بی‌خانمان‌ها در «پاریس» و «لندن» است این کتاب در ماه ژانویه 1933 میلادی منتشر شد، و در انتشار برای این کتاب نخستین بار «اریک آرتور بلر»، از نام مستعار «جورج اورول»، استفاده کرد «اورول» پس از خوانش «تهیدستان جک لندن» تصمیم به زندگی در میان طبقات محرومان و مهاجران، در شهرهای «پاریس» و «لندن» گرفت رویدادهای زندگی آمیخته با فقر او، در بهار 1928 میلادی، در مسافرخانه‌ های «پاریس»، و اشتغالش به ظرفشویی، در رستوران‌ها و هتل‌های «پاریس»، فصل‌های نخست این روایت را، تشکیل می‌دهد راوی در بخشهایی از زندگی خویش در «پاریس»، با یک افسر پشین روسیه، به نام «بوریس»، همراه میشود، که به سختی زندگی خویش را میگذراند، و از صاحبخانه یهودی خویش ناراضی ست برخی به همین دلیل، این کتاب را یهود ستیزانه میدانند گزارش ایشان از «لندن»، بیشتر شرح روزگار بی‌خانمان‌های «انگلیس»ی ست، که در پی یافتن بستری برای خوابیدن، از نوانخانه‌ ای، به نوانخانه ی دیگر، رانده می‌شوند، یا شب‌ها را، در پیاده روی خیابان، میگذرانند «اورول» این نوع زندگی را، برای نوشتن گزارشی، در اواخر سال 1927 میلادی، تجربه کرده بودند نکته ی تاثیرگذار این روایت، بر خلاف نظر عموم، این است که همه ی بی‌خانمان‌ها، اشخاص بیعار، یا پست فطرت نیستند، و در بین آنها اشخاص هنرمند، و روشنفکر نیز، میتوان پیدا کرد در پایان کتاب «اورول»، پیشنهادهایی برای بهبود زندگی تهیدستان، و بی خانمانها ارائه می‌کنند ؛ ا شربیانی