Long Walk to Freedom The Autobiography of Nelson Mandela Read & download ´ 107

Read & download Long Walk to Freedom The Autobiography of Nelson Mandela

Long Walk to Freedom The Autobiography of Nelson Mandela Read & download ´ 107 Ï Nelson Mandela is one of the great moral and political leaders of our time an international hero whose lifelong dedication to the fight against racial oppression in South Africa won him the Nobel Peace Prize and the presideNelson Mandela is one of the great moral and political leaders of our time an international hero whose lifelong dedication to the fight against racial oppression in South Africa won him the Nobel Peace Prize and the presidency of his country Since his triumphant release in 1990 from than a uarter century of imprisonment Mandela has been at the center of the most compelling and inspiring political drama in the world As president of the African National Congress and head of South Africa's anti apartheid movement he was instrumental in moving the nation toward multiracial government and majority rule He is revered everywhere as a vital. At over 700 pages Nelson Mandela's autobiography might look like a serious commitment Actually though it doesn't feel like a heavy book at all Like the thinking which informs it the writing is clear measured and straightforward albeit scattered with bits of Harvard English that are presumably down to Mandela's uncredited American ghostwriter Richard StengelI sped through it in under a week thanks mainly to a couple of long train journeys I'm left with a much nuanced view of Mandela and what he stood for and a much clearer idea of the man behind the symbolWhat I found particularly valuable were the insights into how deeply apartheid ingrained racism not just on to the white minority but on to the attitudes and assumptions throughout the whole of South African society Mandela at one point mentions being struck by the sight of a young beggar girl by the side of the road in a township and reacting completely differently because she was whiteWhile I did not normally give to African beggars I felt the urge to give this woman money In that moment I realized the tricks that apartheid plays on one for the everyday travails that afflict Africans are accepted as a matter of course while my heart immediately went out to this bedraggled white woman In South Africa to be poor and black was normal to be poor and white was a tragedyA few years and several hundred pages later he has the corollary experience while taking a clandestine flight in EthiopiaAs I was boarding the plane I saw that the pilot was black I had never seen a black pilot before and the instant I did I had to uell my panic How could a black man fly a plane But a moment later I caught myself I had fallen into the apartheid mind set thinking Africans were inferior and that flying was a white man's jobIf the leaders of the resistance movement can react like this – How could a black man fly a plane – the reactions of less committed or thoughtful South Africans can readily be imagined and you begin to get a sense of the sheer scale of the problem which faced the ANC and other activists A problem which has not entirely gone awayThese are the well chosen memories of someone interested in their own thoughts and responses and who had the time – so much of it – to examine his life and sift out the experiences that counted Everywhere in the book there is this sense of a man who has thought long and hard about the choices he made and can explain them simply and directlyNot all of them are necessarily easy to sympathise with or at least they perhaps shouldn't be Let's be clear Mandela is not Ghandi We should remember and he is admirably open about it that Amnesty International always declined to work on Mandela's behalf because he refused to renounce violence as a valid tool in the fight against apartheid He was the first head of the ANC's militant wing the MK and involved in paramilitary training; he drew up plans for action that ran from sabotage to guerrilla warfare At one point he describes his 1950s self as ‘a young man who attempted to make up for his ignorance with militancy’ – but actually that militancy never goes away it just becomes grounded in political and moral justifications Mandela's ethical sensibility is always there; but ethics are not paramountFor me non violence was not a moral principle but a strategy; there is no moral goodness in using an ineffective weaponEffective weapons were considered to include explosives as demonstrated for example in the Church Street bombing of 1983 which killed 19 people and wounded over 200 including many civilians Mandela mentions it in passing and has the following to sayThe killing of civilians was a tragic accident and I felt a profound horror at the death toll But disturbed as I was by these casualties I knew that such accidents were the inevitable conseuence of the decision to embark on a military struggle Human fallibility is always a part of war and the price of it is always high It was precisely because we knew that such incidents would occur that our decision to take up arms had been so grave and reluctant But as Oliver said at the time of the bombing the armed struggle was imposed upon us by the violence of the apartheid regimeWe are on dangerous ground here Can we put a number on how many civilian deaths are considered a reasonable price to pay for ending apartheid At the same time though who on earth am I to uestion his decisions and moral code – I who have never experienced a fraction of the abuse and discrimination which was his daily life and who am never likely to have to make the impossible choices that were so common under apartheidAll I can say is Mandela doesn't shy away from it I may not always be comfortable about it but I felt a deep respect for his willingness to stand behind his actions and explain them as best he canUltimately Mandela was saved from being a truly ambiguous figure by the simple fact that he was arrested and imprisoned before he could be directly involved in any violence himself; for him it's all theoretical and locked away behind bars he could be viewed simply as an innocent martyr to a just cause And indeed it's in his response to the years of incarceration that the greatness of Mandela's character comes through Twenty seven years in jail would be enough to make any man bitter; but he is the opposite of bitter Time and again he shows himself willing to listen to and work with those who might easily be called his enemies – from dissenting black activists through ambivalent prison warders up to the president of South AfricaIt's his astonishing ability to do without bitterness – essentially his capacity for forgiveness – which really makes Mandela an inspiration Perhaps it's my naïveté but I can't help concluding that when international pressure got too much for South Africa's government it was Mandela's openness in negotiations which forged the breakthrough and not the MK's sporadic attempts to meet violence with violence That's certainly what I'll take away from this excellent and fascinating memoir that and a delight in his unshakable belief that no matter how degrading the conditions or how long the imprisonment no one had the power to damage who he was on the insidePrison and the authorities conspire to rob each man of his dignity In and of itself that assured that I would survive for any man or institution that tries to rob me of my dignity will lose because I will not part with it at any price or under any pressure

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To reconcile his political activity with his devotion to his family the anguished breakup of his first marriage and the painful separations from his children He brings vividly to life the escalating political warfare in the fifties between the ANC and the government culminating in his dramatic escapades as an underground leader and the notorious Rivonia Trial of 1964 at which he was sentenced to life imprisonment Herecounts the surprisingly eventful twenty seven years in prison and the complex delicate negotiations that led both to his freedom and to the beginning of the end of apartheid Finally he provides the ultimate inside accoun. I had skipped over this book by Nelson Mandela 1918 2013 many times thinking I had read it The other day I checked my records and was surprised to discovered I had recorded it to read but had not read it I now have corrected that mistakeThe book is well written It covers Nelson Mandela’s life from childhood to becoming the president of South Africa The author also describes the history of South Africa and the various local tribes so I have a better understanding of the situation The writing is a bit dry at times and very little personal emotion is displayed Mandela’s high ideals and his fight for freedom comes through loud and clear in the book The book is about the fight for civil rights This is an excellent memoir It held my attention throughout the bookI read this as an audiobook downloaded from Audible The book is twenty nine hours and thirty nine minutes Michael Boatman does a good job narrating the book Boatman is an actor and audiobook narrator I am glad I read this as an audiobook as I would never had been able to pronounce the African names

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Long Walk to Freedom The Autobiography of Nelson MandelaForce in the fight for human rights and racial euality The foster son of a Thembu chief Mandela was raised in the traditional tribal culture of his ancestors but at an early age learned the modern inescapable reality of what came to be called apartheid one of the most powerful and effective systems of oppression ever conceived In classically elegant and engrossing prose he tells of his early years as an impoverished student and law clerk in a Jewish firm in Johannesburg of his slow political awakening and of his pivotal role in the rebirth of a stagnant ANC and the formation of its Youth League in the 1950s He describes the struggle. No one is born hating another person because of the color of his skin or his background or his religion People must learn to hate and if they can learn to hate they can be taught to love for love comes naturally to the human heart than its opposite Nelson MandelaLong Walk to Freedom has been such an amazing journey Thank you Madiba Nelson Mandela is indeed one of the greatest moral leaders and heroes of our time The way and walk to Freedom is long but Mandela did not give up He dedicated his life for the cause This inspiring autobiography is a must read for all A leader is like a shepherd there are times when a leader must move out ahead of his flock go off in a new direction confident that he is leading his people in the right way