קיצור תולדות האנושות‎ Ḳitsur toldot ha enoshut Summary Ù 102

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קיצור תולדות האנושות‎ Ḳitsur toldot ha enoshutEties the animals and plants around us and even our personalities Have we become happier as history has unfolded Can we ever free our behaviour from the heritage of our ancestors And what if anything can we do to influence the course of the centuries to come Bold wide ranging and provocative Sapiens challenges everything we thought we knew about being human our thoughts our actions our power and our futu. It is again unpopular opinion time It seems it becomes a rule for me not to enjoy a book that everyone seems to love Well someone has to Here we go with the review Prepare your tomatoes and raw eggs someone actually threw a raw egg at me once for fun but it bounced from my bum Sapiens’ beginning was fantastic I loved the author’s voice and the information about the early days of the human kind was fascinating I did not read any non fiction about the origin of humans so I was excited to understand our origins better I could not stop highlighting interesting passages to include in my review or to read later Here are some of the ones that picked my interest “It’s relatively easy to agree that only Homo sapiens can speak about things that don’t really exist and believe six impossible things before breakfast You could never convince a monkey to give you a banana by promising him limitless bananas after death in monkey heaven”“Telling effective stories is not easy The difficulty lies not in telling the story but in convincing everyone else to believe it Much of history revolves around this uestion how does one convince millions of people to believe particular stories about gods or nations or limited liability companies Yet when it succeeds it gives Sapiens immense power because it enables millions of strangers to cooperate and work towards common goals”However everything started to go downhill from somewhere in the middle of Part II From an eager and excited reader I slowly became pissed off disappointed and struggled to finish I had several problems that plagued my reading experience and I plan to exemplify them below First of all I soon grew tired of the author’s ironic and condescending humor His ego was transpiring from all his words and his personal opinions and the way he tried to enforce them annoyed me and Secondly I felt like many of his assumptions and extrapolations had no proof and they only represent the author’s personal opinion For example the way he supported for the whole book that humans were better of as hunter gathers without bringing no real arguments to support his opinionFinally I had a problem with the scope of Sapiens As the titles suggests the book tries to be A Brief History of Humankind I believe he did not succeed very well to do that and the reason is that it is uite impossible to do what the author planned in less than 500 pages The task is too vast The result is mix of everything with no structure jumping from one subject to another and confusing the reader The information was too vague too general it all resembled a set of interesting triviaWhen reading other negative reviews of Sapiens I stumbled repeatedly on a recommendation Guns Germs and Steel The Fates of Human Societies The book was already on my TBR so it is going to be the next read on the subject I hope it will be better

Yuval Noah Harari ¶ 2 Summary

Orld be like in the millennia to come In Sapiens Dr Yuval Noah Harari spans the whole of human history from the very first humans to walk the earth to the radical – and sometimes devastating – breakthroughs of the Cognitive Agricultural and Scientific Revolutions Drawing on insights from biology anthropology paleontology and economics he explores how the currents of history have shaped our human soci. Had I stopped reading after the first section I’d have given this a five stars and whined that the Goodreads platform doesn’t aloe reviewers to go higher But I didn’t stop I kept reading until it got so bad I found myself unable to do than skim and eventually to just skipping large chunksIt starts out as a fascinating discussion of the development and rise of our species homo sapiens But starting in the second section on the Agricultural Revolution Harari shift gears and drops any pretense of an scholarly work From that point on it’s all personal bias all the time This guy absolutely hates human beings and society It seems that he is completely stuck in the idea that the world would have been better off had humanity simply stayed put in the hunter gatherer stageIt seems all the countless billions of humans who lived since then are deluded and don't get it and that only he understands Yeah rightOK There are worse sins than personal bias Many great writers have it and let it show But unlike Harari the good ones work to try to justify the positions they take Harari on the other hand just bombards readers with one opinion after another and treats them as proven fact even though what he says is often debatable or out and out wrong That’s one of the reasons I gave up on a close reading as I progressed into the second half Even when it seemed as if Harari was selling me something I didn’t know which did not occur often I simply did not trust him An author can choose to forego many things Credibility and trust are not among themPerhaps the best way to illustrate this mess is through a conversation I once had among people who liked to discuss philosophy Somehow or other though this conversation veered off into a set of irritating rants on how western society sucks The thing that sticks out most in my memory is how the host went off on a diatribe about the greatness of nature and Native Americans and about how he was fine being a non vegetarian because the cows understood human need for meat and were happy to offer themselves as a precious spiritual gift to humanity My reply “That conclusion is based on interviews with how many cows” The conversation abruptly ended That is exactly the way I reacted to the self serving gibberish offered by Harari under the guise of scholarly presentation

Summary קיצור תולדות האנושות‎ Ḳitsur toldot ha enoshut

קיצור תולדות האנושות‎ Ḳitsur toldot ha enoshut Summary Ù 102 ´ 100000 years ago at least six human species inhabited the earth Today there is just one Us Homo sapiens How did our species succeed in the battle for dominance Why did our foraging ancestors come together to create 100000 years ago at least six human species inhabited the earth Today there is just one Us Homo sapiens How did our species succeed in the battle for dominance Why did our foraging ancestors come together to create cities and kingdoms How did we come to believe in gods nations and human rights; to trust money books and laws; and to be enslaved by bureaucracy timetables and consumerism And what will our w. This book is a superficial gloss on human history Nice try but it excludes too much data in favor of an overarching conceptual view to be deeply interesting Stopped reading for reasons detailed below at p 304 of 416Considering the outlandishness of some of its claims—the downside of the Agricultural Revolution the joys of Empire—the book seems weirdly under sourced The bibliography is beyond meagre Don't get me wrong I like a little informed speculation as much as anyone Take for example the claim that houses their advent became the psychological hallmark of a much self centered creature p 99 I for one would be delighted to know how one can discern the psychology of someone who lived than 9000 years ago The apparently relevant note cited is 2 Robert B Marks The Origins of the Modern World A Global and Ecological Narrative But when one looks up Mr Marks' book one sees that it pertains only to the 15th to the 21st centuries CEAnother thing the book seems all biological determinism—and we know what that sort of thinking led to the Konzentrationslager The life of the mind is nothing here the intellect nothing all because it has no discernible basis in biology—so reductive and materialist too I'm hoping this is just a rhetorical device Please let it be Moreover the author cherishes a certain sneering and glib tone which I find annoying Well yes now he's changing his tune isn't he But not before thoroughly pissing me off Was that necessary Ah now he's starting to celebrate the very social constructs—the law the state joint stock corporations etc—that he so glibly belittled as imaginary myths a few pages back So his earlier arguments were disingenuous That's not something I prize in a writer Notwithstanding the uestionable attempt to raise the reader's hackles just mentioned I find myself on p 170 and 95% of this is material I already know Granted the author tries to package it as felicitously as possible but it's still stuff I know and no doubt material my well read GR friends will also know What I had hoped for on cracking this formidable spine was something far intellectually challenging like Naipaul Still I find myself nursing a hope that this is just an overly long introduction to a thrilling thesis At the same time I fear it will turn out to be another tedious read for a far less learned general reader than myself Am I overualified for this book Trepidation abounds 20 stars so far inauspicious Meh It's really an undergraduate survey course if that It's a great review of common knowledge that seeks to find new linkages and epiphanies It sometimes works But often the linkages are specious As when he terms liberal humanism a religion It isn't though it's a neat shorthand for his minimalist theories Now I'm reading about how religions are unifiers The author certainly has a flair for the obvious I'll say that much Here's an example of author Harari's reductiveness which is inevitable in a book skirting so many vast subjects On p 232 we read The Aryan race therefore had the potential to turn man into superman Nietzsche is nowhere mentioned The statement is wholly lacking in context—the Nazis are glossed but that's all It really doesn't make coherent sense Gloss that's the word that best describes this book A glossThe writer is careless with metaphors We're told that cultures are mental parasites that history disregards the happiness of individuals and that history made its most momentous choice p 243 244 To say such things is to give agency to the non sentient and adds to the narrative's by now utterly grating superficiality Here's yet another bizarro statementHad the Aztecs and Incas shown a bit interest in the world surrounding them – and had they known what the Spaniards had done to their neighbors – they might have resisted the Spanish conuest keenly and successfully p292Nonsense The Spaniards had guns germs and steel Reread Jared Diamond and William H Prescott Mr Harari Foreknowledge would have availed the indigenous peoples little or nothing The author goes on to admit as much in the paragraphs to follow but why then wasn't that earlier sentence cut But it gets better If the subject peoples of the Inca Empire had known the fates of the inhabitants of Mexico they would not have thrown in their lot with the invaders But they did not nowThus the native peoples of Americapaid a heavy price for their parochial outlookIt's astonishing the author should use that ecclesiastical word For what was the ostensible motivation of the conuerors but the glory of Christendom Harari is blaming the victims The world view of the Aztecs and Incas and others was limited Harari blames them because they had not yet advanced beyond that basic if incomplete awareness He then goes on to excoriate all of Asia and Africa for not having had the wherewithal to explore the world and conuer others But these are cultural predilections not standardized goals applicable to all This leads to an unseemly West is the Best argument that's right out of Niall Ferguson's Empire The Rise and Demise of the British World Order Is this book popular because it essentially functions as the West's cheering section It's lovely we have developed science and technology and historiography etc I'm glad I live in the West But it's absurd to say that earlier cultures because they did not develop in a timely manner our own particular brand of curiosity were deficient All cultures are blood soaked our own included The world is only what it is not some counter factual supposition