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ὈδύσσειαFall of Troy It takes Odysseus ten years to reach Ithaca after the ten year Trojan War2 In his absence it is assumed he has died and. I have read The Odyssey three times The first was not really a read but of a listen in the true oral tradition During embroidery class one of us young girls on the verge of entering the teens would read a passage while the rest were all busy with our eyes and fingers our needles and threads All learning to be future Penelopes crafty with their crafts cultivated patient and loyal And all wivesThe second read was already as an adult That time I let myself be led by the adventures and imagination of the ‘resourceful’ one Relishing on the literary rhythm of the hexameters I particularly enjoyed the epithets used by the bards to keep the attention of the listeners Dawn of the rosy fingers was my favourite By then my embroideries were far away from my mindThis third time I read it in preparation for tackling Joyce’s take on Homer And this time with a detached stance I have been surprised by the structure of the work the handling of time and the role of narration And those aspects I take with me in this third readingOf the twenty four books the first four or Telemachiad are preliminary Acting as an overture they take place not too long before the main action The following four are another preamble which take place roughly at the same time as the previous four The son and the father are getting ready to meet almost at the end of twenty years of their separation with ten at the war and ten coming backThen and this was my surprise what I always thought of as the core of the Odyssey the magical adventures with the Cyclops and Polyphemus the Lotus Eaters the Sirens Circe and the trip to the Underworld the Laestrygonias Scylla and Charybdis the Sun God etc forming what is called the Apologoi are a very small part of the book All of these eventful episodes take place along three years before the seven that Odysseus is amorously trapped by Kalypso And these are narrated after the fact by Odysseus himself in just four chapters chapters nine to twelve So to what in my mind was the meat of the Odyssey is only 17% of the book And if one recalls what a great deceiver Odysseus can be one could always wonder at these fablesThe rest the remaining twelve chapters or half of the book is the actual HomecomingWhat I have realized now is that The Odyssey is really about this Homecoming And that is what we witness directly All the enchanted adventures are told tales Odysseus as the bard chanting his own stories in the court of the Phaeacians A supreme teller since through his fables he has to build the image of the hero that his possibly dangerous audience see and do not see Odysseus as myth and myth maker No wonder his epithet of ‘the resourceful one’If the Homecoming had previously stayed in my mind as just an expected end in which all the invective and riveting elements are drearily put at an end as if one could already close the door and leave the one I have read now surprised me by its dramatization A different craft is at stageThe bard enacts the process of Justice performing through an act of Revenge There is no layered telling of the tale In the last half of the poem the pace and complexity of the various elements as they converge in the palace to play out divine retribution in which success does not seem assured not even to the great Odysseus who knows he has Athena’s support has seemed this third time round magisterialAnd it is Penelope the patient the apprehensive the one who for twenty years has protected her mistrust with her weaving the one who with her threads offers the needed opportunity that the resourceful hero is at pains to find When she announces that she is about to end to the tapestry that has become her life the beggar can then put also an end to the agonyCrafted Homecoming

Homer ´ 0 Summary

This poem mainly centers on the Greek hero Odysseus or Ulysses as he was known in Roman myths and his long journey home following the. So my first “non school related experience with Homer’s classic tale and my most powerful impression beyond the overall splendor of the story wasHOLY SHIT SNACKS these Greeks were a violent bunch Case in point they hauled him out through the doorway into the court lopped his nose and ears with a ruthless knife tore his genitals out for the dogs to eat rawand in manic fury hacked off hands and feet then once they’d washed their own hands and feet they went inside again to join odysseustheir work was done here now Their work was done here now What a great line Want violence you say How about slaughtering over 100 house guests for over indulging in your hospitality Can you say overkill And for the true splatter junkies out there you can add in some casual rapes widespread maiming a score of people suishing crew members being chewed and swallowed healthy doses of mutilation and torture and one cyclops blinding That should make even the most discriminating gore hound leg humping happy Yesthat's meguilty However beyond the cockle warming violence and mayhem this is a rocking good story that I enjoyed as in smile on my face thinking this is genuinely cool” much than I expected to going into it There is nothing dry or plodding about the story Beautifully written and encompassing themes of love loyalty and heroism while commenting on many facets of the human condition As important as this story is to literature it is above all elseENTERTAINING In fact without its massive entertainment factor I'm pretty sure it's overall importance among the classics would be significantly reduced Thankfully there is no risk of that A NOTE ON THE TEXT Before I continue I want to comment on the version I readlistened to because I think can be critical to people’s reaction to the story There are a TRUCKLOAD of Odyssey translations out there and from what I’ve seen they range wider in uality and faithfulness to the original text than those of almost any other work of Western Literature These versions can differ so much that I believe two people with identical reading tastes could each read a different translation and walk away with vastly different opinions on the work The version I am reviewing and from which the above uote is derived is the Robert Fagles translation which uses contemporary prose and structure while remaining faithful to the content of the original I found it a terrific place for a “first experience” with this work because of how easy to follow it was Plus I listened to the audio version read by Sir Ian McKellen which was an amazing experience and one I HIGHLY RECOMMEND In addition to the Fagles version I also own the Alexander Pope translation as part of my Easton Press collection of The 100 Greatest Books Ever Written While listening to the Fagles version I would often follow along with the Pope translation and let me tell youthey are vastly different While the overall story is the same the presentation prose and the structure are nothing alike As an example here is the same passage I uoted earlier from the Pope translation Then forth they led and beganTheir bloody work; they lopp’d away the manMorsel for dogs then trimm’d with brazen shears The wretch and shorten’d of his nose and ears;His hands and feet last felt the cruel steel;He roar’d and torments gave his soul to hellThey wash and to Ulysses take their waySo ends the bloody business of the day Very different treatments of the same scene In my opinion the Pope language is beautiful and far poetic and lyrical than the Fagles translation However I am glad I started with the Fagles version because it provided me with a much better comprehension of the story itself No head scratching moments Now that I have a firm grounding in the story I plan to go back at some point and read the Pope version so that I can absorb the greater beauty of that translation In a nutshell I'm saying that you should make sure you find a translation that works for you That’s my two or three cents THE STORY So Odysseus master strategist and tactician not to mention schemer manipulator and liar extraordinaire travels home to Ithaca after the Trojan War Delays and detours ensue which take up the first half of the story Most of these travel snags are caused by Poseidon who is grudging on Odysseus for stick poking Poseidon’s son ie the Cyclops in the peeper Not to fear Athena goddess of guile and craftiness is a proud sponsor of Odysseus and along with some help for big daddy god Zeus throws Odysseus some Olympian help Odysseus’ travels are full of great summer blockbuster like entertainment and at the same time explore all manner of Greek daily life as well as touching on many of their beliefs and traditions It really is a perfect blend of fun and brain food From his time on the island homes of the goddesses Calypso and Circe who he gets busy with despite his “undying” love for his wife Penelopemen huh to his run ins with the giant Laestrygonians and the Lotus eaters ie thugs and drugs and his fateful encounter with the Cyclops Polyphemus Odysseus even takes a jaunt to the underworld where he speaks to Achilles and gets to listen to dead king Agamemnon go on an anti marriage rant because his conniving wife poisoned him to death Homer does a superb job of keeping the story epic while providing the reader with wonderful details about the life of the greek people during this period The man had story telling chops Meanwhile while Odysseus is engaged in the ancient greek version of the Amazing Race back on Ithaca we’ve got a full fledged version of the Bachelorette going on as over a hundred suitors are camped out at Odysseus pad trying to get Penelope to give them a rose This has Odysseus’ son Telemachus on the rage because the suitors are eating drinking and servant boinking him out of his entire inheritance while they wait on Penelope You might think that Telemachus could just kick the freeloaders out but the law of “hospitality” was huge for the Greeks and the suitor douches use it to full advantage Well Odysseus eventually makes it back to Ithaca alone and in disguise after all of this crew have been eaten suashed drowned or otherwise rendered life impaired Not an easy place to live is ancient Greece Odysseus proceeds to work a web of deceit and revenge against the suitors that is a wonder to behold I’ll leave the final climax to you but I will say that there was no free lunch in Homer’s time and the checks that people wrote with their bad behavior are paid in full MY THOUGHTS This was a fun fun fun read I want to start with that because this is not one of those classics that I think is worth while only to get it under your belt or checked off a list This was a great story with great characters and in a style that was both “off the usual path” but still easy to follow Going back to my comments on the various versions of the story I think this may end up being a five star read in one of the flowery densely poetic translations where the emotion and passion is just a bit in your face I am still thrilled to have listened to the version I did especially as read by Gandalf because I now have a firm foundation in the story and can afford to be a bit adventurous with my next version The tone of the story is heroic and yet very dark The gods are capricious and temperamental and cause a whole lot of death and devastation for nothing than a bruised ego or even a whim The pace of the story is fast and moves uickly with hardly a chance to even catch your breath It is a big epic storyit is THE BIG EPIC STORYand its reputation is well deserved A terrific read as well as one of the most important works in the Western canon Definitely worth your time 45 stars HIGHEST POSSIBLE RECOMMENDATION

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Ὀδύσσεια Read & Download ò PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ✓ This poem mainly centers on the Greek hero Odysseus or Ulysses as he was known in Roman myths and his long journey home following the fall of Troy It takes Odysseus ten years to reach Ithaca after the ten year Trojan War2 In his absence it is assumed he has dieHis wife Penelope and son Telemachus must deal with a group of unruly suitors called Proci competing for Penelope's hand in marriage. It's impossible not to smile when you start reading such a classic and after only the first few pages you realize and completely understand why it's regarded as one of the most important works in literature I'm always a little anxious when I tackle such important and renowned books for being afraid of not comprehending or loving them War and Peace and Don uixote for example as they seem to deserve Not that I'm obligated to like them but I always feel such buzz comes for a reason and I try to at least find out why With The Odyssey once again I find that the ones who have read it before me were right it's amazingI didn't have plans to read The Odyssey any time soon I've never devoted much time to epic poems and this one has than 12000 verses but because I've been eying Ulysses on my shelves for uite some time I decided to prepare myself for it and read about Odysseus with a great group here on Goodreads To call Homer's book simply a preparation for Joyce's work is now not only unfair but also absurd to me However I'm glad that I finally read it whatever the reason behind it was The Odyssey tells the story of Odysseus's Ulysses journey back to his home Ithaca to return to his wife Penelope and son Telemachus after twenty years of absence Our hero left his home to fight in the Trojan War that alone lasted ten years and encountered too many obstacles that kept him away for another ten years Back in Ithaca people had already lost hope that he could still be alive and his wife was being courted by suitors who wanted to marry herAlongside the emotional and heartfelt story what grabbed my attention here was the poem's style and structure For a work that's believed to have been written in the 8th century BC its uality and refinement certainly amazed me Some of the story is told through flashbacks some of it is told through different narrators and its narratives are non linear so I was positively surprisedI could try to write an analysis about the recurring themes on the book vengeance spiritual growth hospitality or try to decipher its symbolism much has been written about Odysseus's bow Laertes's shroud the sea but I feel I would fail and wouldn't be able to do it in a deep level especially after having read the great introduction and notes written by Bernard KnoxWhat kept me away from Homer's work was the fear that it would be too dense and heavy on mythology it is mythological of course making it hard for me to understand it Although labored the narrative is uite simple and easy to follow Knox's notes were a great companion to fill in the details I needed to comprehend the book in a deeper levelRating it's my belief that a great book not only satisfy your expectations but also inspire you to delve further into its writer's other works similar subjects or even other books from the same time period The Odyssey raised my interest about Greek mythology and The Iliad so I guess it served its purpose with high colors Because of that 5 glowing and beautiful stars